Rud-Petersen was educated at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1888 and attended the School of Zahrtmann from 1901-1907. He then studied in Italy at T.V Papari in 1927 and 1931. Rud-Petersen began his career working on alter pieces and fresco designs. His most famous works can be found at the church in Viborg, where he worked with Joakim Skovgaard from 1899-1901. Other major works by Rud-Petersen are visible to this day at the Vodskov church and Stagstrup Church. Rud-Petersen also did a series of landscapes, that were especially known for their excellent portray of summer evening moods and people at work. Rud-Petersen traveled frequently to Italy from 1898-1931 where he also studied with Tito Venturini Papari in Rome. Other travels include: Germany:1893-1931, France:1906-1910 and the Nederland’s: 1910. Rud-Petersen also taught art at the Technical School of arts from 1893-1900.
The Artists Fall Exhibition: 1904-1915.
The Art Union: 1910-1944.
National Gallery of Arts: 1950.